Realize zero import of "foreign garbage" before the end of the year, and the domestic renewable resources industry will usher in business opportunities
release date: Source: first finance and economics views: 2342 copyright and disclaimer
core tips: while severely cracking down on the import of "foreign garbage", China will standardize the construction of domestic solid waste recycling system and accelerate the development of solid waste processing and utilization industry. While severely cracking down on the import of "foreign garbage", China will standardize the construction of domestic solid waste recycling system and accelerate the development of solid waste processing and utilization industry
at the regular press conference held by the Ministry of ecological environment on the morning of the 30th, qiuqiwen, director of the Department of solid waste and chemicals, said that since the reform of banning the import of "foreign garbage", the member units of the inter ministerial coordination group have adopted the internationally popular host structure, imported servo speed regulation system and electromechanical (Panasonic, Japan), imported reducer (Germany) and imported ball screw (Germany) for intensive utilization around the strengthening of the resource Festival, Comprehensively improve the level of harmless and resourceful utilization of domestic solid waste, gradually fill the domestic resource gap, and achieve remarkable results. It is expected to achieve the goal of zero import of solid wastes by the end of 2020
this year is the closing year of banning "foreign garbage" from entering the country and promoting the reform of solid waste import management system. On April 29, the law on the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste, revised and adopted by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, stipulated that "the dumping, stacking and disposal of solid waste outside the people's Republic of China is prohibited" and "the state will gradually realize zero import of solid waste"On November 24, the Ministry of ecological environment, the Ministry of Commerce, the development and Reform Commission and the General Administration of Customs jointly issued the announcement on matters related to the comprehensive prohibition of the import of solid wastes, It is required to "prohibit the import of solid wastes in any way", "stop accepting and approving the application for import license of solid wastes that can be used as raw materials for restricted import", "the solid wastes generated by units in special customs supervision areas and bonded supervision sites that have not been re transported out of the country shall be managed in accordance with the relevant provisions of domestic solid wastes"
China was once the world's largest exporter of "foreign garbage" into the world. Since the 1980s, the domestic manufacturing industry has developed rapidly. In order to alleviate the shortage of raw materials, China began to import solid wastes that can be used as raw materials from abroad, that is, what people often call "foreign garbage"
a typical "foreign waste" is waste paper. Waste paper is one of the important raw materials in China's paper industry. According to the statistics of China Paper Association, there were about 2700 paper and paperboard production enterprises in China in 2019, with a production of 107.65 million tons of paper and paperboard, an increase of 3.16% over the previous year. Nearly 70% of China's paper comes from waste paper, while the amount of imported waste paper over the years accounts for 1/3 of China's total waste paper raw materials
China's paper and paperboard production is mainly concentrated in Guangdong, Shandong, Zhejiang, Jiangsu and other eastern coastal provinces. A very important reason is that the technical foundation for processing thermoplastic fiber reinforced composites from imported waste paper is rapidly expanding. Chinese enterprise users of waste paper mainly include Nine Dragons Paper, Liwen paper, Chenming Paper and Shanying paper
"foreign garbage" imports meet the production needs of some enterprises, but also directly endanger China's ecological security and people's health
"for a long time, developing countries have been treating garbage for developed countries at the expense of the environment. This state cannot last forever." Said liujianguo, a professor at the school of environment, Tsinghua University
according to the statistics released by the Ministry of ecological environment today, in 2017, 2018 and 2019, the national solid waste import volume was 42.27 million tons, 22.63 million tons and 13.48 million tons respectively, which was 9.2%, 51.4% and 71% lower than the 46.55 million tons in 2016 before the reform. As of November 15, 2020, the total import volume of solid waste nationwide was 7.18 million tons, a year-on-year decrease of 41%According to Qiu Qiwen, the Ministry of ecology and environment has handled 13 batches of solid waste import licenses as planned this year, and the annual examination and approval work has been completed. From January 1, 2021, China will prohibit the import of solid wastes in any way
he told that the Ministry of ecology and environment would cooperate with the General Administration of Customs to continue to crack down on "foreign garbage" smuggling, severely punish illegal acts such as importing solid wastes according to law, and effectively cut off the supply and demand chain of "foreign garbage" smuggling. At the same time, we will continue to intensify the efforts to clean up and rectify solid waste distribution centers and "scattered pollution" enterprises, strengthen the supervision of the solid waste recycling industry, and investigate and deal with environmental violations in the solid waste processing and utilization industry according to law
Qiu Qiwen said that while closing the door on "foreign garbage", the domestic renewable resource recovery system still needs to be further improved. According to a survey, companies that used to import "foreign garbage" as their main business will focus on the domestic market
he told that relevant departments were standardizing the construction of solid waste recycling system. The Ministry of housing and urban rural development is working with the relevant departments in the program with a single chip microcomputer to promote the comprehensive start of waste classification in cities above the prefecture level. The coverage rate of waste classified residential areas in 46 key cities has reached 81.2%. The state post office is promoting to reduce the use of packaging materials, and the utilization rate of recyclable transfer bags reaches 87.2%. The Ministry of ecological environment is carrying out pilot projects of centralized collection and trans regional transportation system for lead-acid battery manufacturers in more than 20 provinces including Beijing
in terms of the development of solid waste processing and utilization industry, the national development and Reform Commission has issued relevant guidance, arranged the construction of 49 "urban mineral" demonstration bases, and supported the construction of 129 industrial resources comprehensive utilization bases. The Ministry of industry and information technology is also guiding the construction of 60 bases for comprehensive utilization of industrial resources. The Ministry of ecological environment also took the lead in guiding the "11+5" cities and regions to carry out the pilot construction of "waste free cities", and urged the municipal and county governments to speed up the construction of centralized disposal facilities
according to the statistics obtained from the Ministry of ecological environment today by first finance and economics, up to now, China has arranged more than 900 tasks and 500 engineering projects for the "waste free city" pilot project, with an investment of more than 120billion yuan