Achievements and thoughts of China's iron and stee

2022-08-02
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Review of 2009: achievements and Reflections on China's iron and steel industry

the iron and steel industry is one of the pillar industries that drive the development of the national economy. The publication of the opinions on the implementation of the plan for the adjustment and revitalization of the iron and steel industry undoubtedly injects a boost into China's iron and steel industry, which has stabilized and recovered. So, how about the development of steel industry in 2009? What severe challenges will the iron and steel industry face in 2010? Recently, economy interviewed luobingsheng, deputy secretary of the Party committee and executive vice president of China Iron and Steel Industry Association

Economics: 2009 was the most difficult year for the development of China's iron and steel industry. The impact of the international financial crisis gradually slowed down the traditional production advantage. However, thanks to the efforts of steel colleagues across the country, the steel industry has continued to prosper. What are the highlights of China's iron and steel industry

luobingsheng: in 2009, the development of China's iron and steel industry continued to be brilliant. In my opinion, the highlights of success can be summarized as four major changes and one major progress. First, steel production has changed from decline to stable growth. Affected by the international financial crisis, from August to December 2008, China's crude steel production was 192196000 tons, a decrease of nearly 21million tons or 9.73% over the same period last year; In 2009, China produced 567.8424 million tons of crude steel, an increase of 67.5309 million tons over the previous year, an increase of 13.5%. The satisfaction rate of domestic steel in China's domestic market reached 97.43%, reversing the decline in crude steel production and achieving a stable growth in the total crude steel production

secondly, it has strongly supported the implementation of the national package plan to deal with the crisis. In terms of figures, from August to December 2008 (the period most affected by the international financial crisis), the apparent consumption of crude steel in the domestic market (the concept of measuring the total demand of China's domestic market) decreased by 12.34% year-on-year. In 2009, driven by the national package plan, especially the substantial growth of fixed asset investment, the apparent consumption of crude steel in the domestic market increased by 24.8% year-on-year. According to the data released by the Bureau of statistics, the country invested a total of 22.48 trillion yuan in fixed assets in 2009, an increase of 5.2 trillion yuan or 30.1% over the previous year. The total amount, increment and growth rate of investment have all reached new highs. In 2009, China's GDP grew by 8.7%, of which the increase in fixed asset investment drove by 8 percentage points, with a contribution rate as high as 92.3%. The increase in investment in fixed assets has created a huge market demand for iron and steel. In 2009, the apparent consumption of crude steel in the domestic market was 564.97 million tons, an increase of 112.29 million tons over the previous year, an increase of 24.8%. This shows that China's iron and steel industry, driven by national policies, has seen a substantial increase in demand. On the one hand, it has stimulated the development of the iron and steel industry. On the other hand, it shows that the development of the iron and steel industry is to implement the package plan and achieve 8.9% GDP growth It has made great contributions to the development of the national economy

thirdly, the export and import of China's steel products offset each other, changing from the net import in the first half of the year to the net export in the second half of the year. In 2009, the international market demand shrank. The steel industry exported 24.5965 million tons of steel and 43200 tons of billets, equivalent to 26.2096 million tons of crude steel, a decrease of 38.0369 million tons or 59.2% over the previous year; On the other hand, affected by the change of exchange rate, in 2009, 17.632 million tons of steel and 4.585 million tons of billets were imported, equivalent to 23.3425 million tons of crude steel, an increase of 6.7276 million tons or 40.49% over the previous year. From January to July 2009, the accumulated net import was 1853700 tons, and from August to December 2009, the accumulated net export was 4720800 tons. The annual net export of crude steel was 2867100 tons

finally, the iron and steel industry turned losses into profits and the number of loss making enterprises narrowed. The iron and steel industry has been impacted and affected by the international financial crisis. In 2009, the domestic steel price decreased by an average of 24.5% compared with that in 2008. From October 2008 to April 2009, large and medium-sized iron and steel enterprises as a whole were at a loss, with a cumulative loss of 53.344 billion yuan; From May to December 2009, the company realized a cumulative profit of 60.995 billion yuan, offset the losses from January to April 2009, and made an overall cumulative profit of 55.388 billion yuan

a major progress is that the scientific and technological development of the iron and steel industry has made great progress, and the three major projects are the main highlights. In 2009, the Bayuquan Linhai iron and steel base of Angang was put into operation, and the phase I project of Jingtang company (Caofeidian) Linhai New base of Shougang was basically completed and put into operation. The two new bases generally adopt world-class technical process equipment, with advanced technical equipment indicators. In addition, Baosteel has independently developed, integrated and built the 1420mm Cold rolling project with independent intellectual property rights, which fills the gap of independent key technologies in China's iron and steel industry and marks China's iron and steel process equipment Leeper, whose technical level has reached the world's advanced level, said: "the strength of design makes you understand that it can help some people recover their normal lives. In january2009, the 43rd World Iron and steel annual meeting of the world iron and Steel Association was held in Beijing. The chairman and senior executives of major international iron and steel enterprises gathered in Beijing and highly recognized the development of China's iron and steel industry.

Economics : what do you think is the most regrettable thing about China's iron and steel industry in 2009

luobingsheng: the biggest regret of China's iron and steel industry in 2009 was that it did not increase production and income. The annual evaluation was: increase production and reduce income, and the total crude steel production increased by 13.5%. Among them, large and medium-sized enterprises increased by 11.27%, but realized a profit of 55.388 billion yuan, down 31.4% from last year

Economics: what are the factors that cause the increase in production and decrease in income in the steel industry

luobingsheng: from the perspective of external factors, the average price of steel in the domestic market in 2009 was 24.5% lower than that in 2008. In addition, there were more than 20 million tons of high priced ore in the inventory of enterprises, which increased the cost of steel production and reduced the profits of the domestic steel industry; From the perspective of internal factors, China's iron and steel industry has long relied on the expansion of production and energy resources to support the development of the industry. This extensive development mode is no longer feasible, which is the fundamental reason for the decline in the benefits of the whole industry. To realize the sustainable development of China's iron and steel industry, we must make great efforts to speed up structural adjustment, industrial upgrading and change the development mode

the extensive development mode of the iron and steel industry has accumulated to today, resulting in six deep-seated structural contradictions. First, there is overcapacity. The low-level production capacity is too high. The annual output of China's iron and steel industry is 700million tons. According to statistics, 531 blast furnaces in large and medium-sized enterprises, small blast furnaces less than 1000 cubic meters account for 43% of the production capacity. Second, China's iron and steel enterprises are small in scale and low in industrial concentration. According to statistics, there are a total of 8012 iron and steel enterprises in China, with an average output value of less than 600million yuan. In 2009, lvay, the top five iron and steel enterprises by scale, which accounted for the total steel production, launched the latest stabilizer product cyasorbcyxtrav990006%, which is a big gap compared with developed countries such as the United States, Japan and South Korea. Third, the layout of China's iron and steel productivity is unreasonable. 18 domestic enterprises are built in provincial capitals, and more than 30 enterprises are built in large and medium-sized cities with a population of more than 1million. 60% of the output is produced in places with a shortage of water resources. China's imported iron ore accounts for 60% of the total production, and the production capacity of iron and steel along the river and the coast is less than 20%. The supply and demand of the cheap testing machine for friction and wear on the sales plates in North China, Northeast China, South China and central China do not match. Fourth, the iron and steel industry is an industry with relatively high consumption and pollution. Energy, resources and environment seriously restrict its sustainable development. After the state proposed green steel, the task of energy conservation and emission reduction in the iron and steel industry becomes more urgent. Fifth, the iron and steel industry is not strong in scientific and technological innovation, and there are few innovative products. Sixth, the iron and steel industry has weak control over resources and energy. The amount of iron ore resources invested by Chinese iron and steel enterprises overseas is only about 9% of the total imports, which is a big gap compared with 60% in Japan and 70% in Europe

Economy: General Secretary Hu Jintao proposed at many meetings to accelerate the transformation of economic development mode. In view of the development of the iron and steel industry, what are the thoughts of the iron and steel industry association

luobingsheng: in 2009, CISA held an expanded meeting of directors. The overall arrangement is to take structural adjustment and transformation of development mode as the premise and main line of all work. First of all, change ideas. The iron and steel industry must improve the quality and efficiency of development and take the road of sustainable development. Secondly, through the development of the iron and steel industry itself, adjust the structure, vigorously promote the joint reorganization of iron and steel enterprises, eliminate backward production capacity, solve the current situation of small and scattered iron and steel enterprises, adapt to the development needs of the future iron and steel industry, and achieve the ultimate goal of large-scale, modern and automated Chinese iron and steel enterprises. Thirdly, the iron and steel industry should adhere to scientific and technological progress and technological innovation, vigorously promote energy conservation and emission reduction, develop green steel, form independent intellectual property rights, vigorously develop technological products suitable for future international production, and promote industrial upgrading through scientific and technological progress

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