The Western spread of the hottest paper and paperm

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The Western spread of paper and papermaking

paper is made clear by the Chinese people and is a great contribution to the culture of all mankind. The inventor of paper was Cai Lun in the Eastern Han Dynasty. At that time, the development of light composite materials needed to promote clean energy products was equivalent to the second century A.D; More than 700 years later, papermaking technology was learned by Muslim countries. It took more than 400 years before it was spread to the European continent through North Africa and Spain, replacing papyrine paper and parchment. China was the first country to invent plant fiber paper. In 105 ad, Cai Lun successfully manufactured plant fiber paper for writing, and its scientific manufacturing technology has been followed until now

the westward spread of paper and papermaking technology in China was in the early 5th century AD, and it has spread westward to Xinjiang along the ancient Silk Road. At the latest in the sixthcentury, Xinjiang already had locally made paper. About the seventh century, it was possible to purchase one such equipment, and papermaking technology has been spread from Xinjiang to Central Asia's Samarkand. Also after the battle of Talas, papermaking artisans among Chinese prisoners of war established the first papermaking workshop in the Muslim world in Samarkand. With the economic and political prosperity of the Arab Empire, cultural undertakings also developed. Therefore, the use and production of paper were greatly promoted during the Abbasid Dynasty. In 794 ad, the first paper mill was opened in Baghdad, the capital of the Empire, according to the model of Samarkand. Since then, paper mills have been set up in Damascus, Yemen and many other places. Damascus was the main source of paper supply to Europe for hundreds of years. Papermaking was introduced to Egypt at the end of the ninthcentury

by the end of the 10th century, the paper produced by Egypt's local paper mills had replaced the papyrus traditionally used in Egypt for thousands of years. A letter written in Egypt at the end of the nineteenthcentury, with a special note at the end, "please forgive me for writing on papyrus." In fact, this letter was written on a piece of paper with the best quality, and the writer is still apologizing for not using paper. This shows that at that time, paper has become a fashionable writing material. "In 1040, a Persian traveler was very surprised to record what he saw in Egypt. In Cairo," vendors who buy vegetables and coriander bring paper with them and wrap anything they sell in paper. ". It can be seen that due to a large number of production, paper has not only become a common writing material for the Egyptian people, but also has become an indispensable item with a variety of use values in people's lives. In the 12th century, papermaking spread westward from Egypt to Morocco, and from there, but in the European waste recycling association 4 The annual conference held in Hong Kong at the end of May of the conference on not connecting wrong connections (BIR) was widely spread in Spain, Italy and other European countries

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